The Republic of Latvia and the Russian Federation, hereinafter referred to as "the Parties", having mutual respect for each other's sovereignty and independence, equality of rights and territorial integrity,
confirming their loyalty to the principles of the United Nations and the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe,
recognising the beneficial effect on the further development of good neighbourly relations of legally formulating the State border of the Republic of Latvia and the Russian Federation,
based on the goodwill of both Parties,
have agreed as follows:
For the purposes of this Treaty, the expression "Latvia-Russia State border" (hereinafter: State border or border") shall mean the line, and the surface vertically corresponding to such line, which separates the territories of the two sovereign states of the Republic of Latvia and the Russian Federation (the land, waters, subterranean land and airspace).
In accordance with the standards of international law, and on the basis of the agreement achieved during negotiations, the Parties have determined the State Border between the Republic of Latvia and the Russian Federation.
The Latvia-Russia State border shall be that which is set out in the "Republic of Latvia and Russian Federation State Border Description" and which is indicted in red on the "Republic of Latvia and Russian Federation State Border Delimitation Map" on a scale of 1:50,000 (hereinafter: "Delimitation Map").
The Republic of Latvia and Russian Federation State Border Description (Attachment 1), and the 1:50,000 scale Delimitation Map (Attachment 2) shall each be an inseparable part of this Treaty.
Where the State Border lies along a river (straightened riverbed) or major branch of a river, stream or ditch, the border shall lie along the centre of such river, branch, stream or ditch.
In determining the main branch of a river, the basic criterion shall be the median level of water through-flow.
Any natural changes which may occur in rivers, streams and ditches adjacent to the Border shall not alter the Latvia-Russia State border line demarcated in situ, or the ownership of islands, unless the Parties shall have agreed otherwise.
Following border demarcation, the ownership of islands formed in rivers adjacent to the border shall be determined in accordance with the demarcated border line, but the ownership of islands formed exactly on the demarcated border line shall be determined by means of consultations between the Parties, based on justice and the principle of equality.
In order to determine and mark in situ the Latvia-Russia State border in accordance with this Treaty, and to prepare the demarcation documents, the Parties shall form a Joint Demarcation Commission, based on the Parity Principle, as soon as possible after this Treaty comes into force, and shall assign to the Commission the following tasks:
- Develop and approve the procedure for demarcation of the State border;
- Determine in situ the precise location of the State border line in accordance with this Treaty and its attachments: The Republic of Latvia and Russian Federation State Border Description and the 1:50,000 scale Delimitation Map;
- Having formed a working group for the demarcation of the border, supervise its work;
- erect border signs;
- determine the precise location of the mid-lines of rivers adjacent to the border (straightened riverbeds) or river branches, streams and ditches, and determine the precise location of the Border line on lakes;
- establish the precise ownership of islands in rivers;
- prepare draft border demarcation documents;
- resolve other issues related to the border demarcation works.
The demarcation documents prepared by the Commission are to be approved by the government of each Party.
Expenditure associated with border demarcation shall be met by the Parties in accordance with the parity principle.
The Republic of Latvia and the Russian Federation State border regimen shall be set out in a separate Treaty.
The intersection point of the State borders of the Republic of Latvia, the Russian Federation and the Republic of Estonia shall be set out in a separate Treaty between the said three States.
The intersection point of the State Borders of the Republic of Latvia, the Russian Federation and the Republic of Belarus shall be set out in a separate Treaty between the said three States.
This Treaty shall be ratified and shall come into force on the date the ratification documents are exchanged.
Signed [date] 200.. , in two copies, each copy being in the Latvian and Russian languages, and with each text having equal force.
ON BEHALF OF THE REPUBLIC OF LATVIA
ON BEHALF OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION
Head of Government