Co-operation Institutions of the Baltic States

02.12.2014. 19:09
  • Baltic Assembly

Baltic Assembly is a co-operation institution between the Parliaments of Latvia, Estonia and Lithuania. It has been founded on November 8, 1991. The Parliament of each Baltic state is represented in the Assembly by 20 members.

The Assembly is a co-ordinating and consultative institution. It is entitled to express its opinion in the form of resolutions, decisions, declarations and suggestions to the national parliaments, governments and the Baltic Council of Ministers, but to other international and regional organisations - in the form of appeals, suggestions and statements.

Sessions of the Baltic Assembly are held twice a year. Presiding countries of the Baltic Assembly are exchanging semi-annually. Since June 2001, the presiding country is Estonia.

  • The Baltic Council of Ministers

The Baltic Council of Ministers is Latvian, Lithuanian and Estonian government co-operation institution and it has been founded on June 13, 1994.The highest decision-making authority of the Baltic Council of Ministers is a meeting of the heads of governments held at least twice a year.

The task of the Baltic Council of Ministers is to ensure continuity of co-operation on the level of the executive power. The Baltic Council of Ministers is responsible for co-operation of the Baltic States' governments, as well as co-operation between these governments and the Baltic Assembly. The Baltic Council of Ministers adopts decisions on implementation of proposals of the Baltic assembly, solves significant issues in the context of the Baltic co-operation, elaborates and introduces necessary measures to promote broad and substantial mutual co-operation.

The Baltic Council of Ministers has a decision-making right only in case of presence of all Baltic States' representatives. Decisions of the Council are adopted basing on the consensus principle.

On September 13, 1994, the Baltic Council of Ministers agreed on establishing Committees of Senior Officials. The Committees ensure activities of the Council on ministerial level. Presently 17 Committees are working.

To provide extra publicity and transparency to the work of the Baltic Council of Ministers and to improve dialogue with the society Virtual Secretariat of the Baltic Council of Ministers was developed. It was officially opened by the Prime Ministers during the meeting of the Baltic Council of Ministers on 18 February 2000.

The status of the presiding state in the Baltic Council of Ministers is exchanged among the Baltic countries annually in alphabetical order. Since 1 July 2000 the presiding state is Latvia. Since June 2001, the presiding country is Lithuania.

STRUCTURE

  • The Baltic Council

The Agreement on Co-operation between the Parliaments and Governments of the Republic of Estonia, Republic of Latvia and Republic of Lithuania, signed on June 13, 1994, envisages annual joint sessions of the Baltic assembly and the Baltic Council of Ministers - the Baltic Council.

At each joint session the Baltic Council of Ministers delivers a report on the Baltic co-operation during the previous year and further co-operation plans. Members of the Baltic Assembly can submit questions to the Baltic Council of Ministers on the problems of Baltic co-operation, which are answered by ministers at the joint sessions.