The 20th Anniversary of the Restored Independence of the Republic of Latvia: Documents on the Recognition of the Restoration of the Independence of the Republic of Latvia, and Diplomatic Relations, 1991

17.06.2015. 15:46

The Constitutional Law on the Statehood of the Republic of Latvia adopted on 21 August, 1991 by the Supreme Council, gave a political impulse for the beginning of international recognition of the restoration of Latvia’s independence.

Iceland was the first of foreign states to recognize the restoration of Latvia’s independence on 22 August, 1991. The recognition process continued very rapidly – in August and September, 1991, more than 70 states supported Latvia’s independence, and by the end of the year 1991 their number had already grown to 94. By the end of 1991 diplomatic relations were established and re-established with 45 states. Those states that did not recognize the lawfulness of Latvia’s occupation and incorporation into the USSR and considered the Republic of Latvia as continuing to exist de iure, re-established their diplomatic relations with Latvia. Diplomatic relations were also set up with the states that became independent in the middle and the second half of the 20th century as well as those that did not have diplomatic relations with Latvia before 1940. The appointment of diplomatic representatives and the opening of diplomatic missions in Latvia followed immediately.

The published documents are arranged in a chronological order. The display comprises optically scanned original documents ‑ resolutions, decisions, agreements, memoranda, communiqués, press releases, notes, letters and other types of documents, thus reflecting the practices of records creation in the 1990-ties and the way how these documents were received by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs (via mail, fax or telex). There are specific conventions for diplomatic correspondence; however, some countries follow their own principles. That is why the published documents are so diverse. Some of the documents have been replaced with digitally restored copies due to the fading of the text in the originals.

In 1999 these documents were translated into Latvian and published in the book “Dokumenti par Latvijas valsts starptautisko atzīšanu, neatkarības atjaunošanu un diplomātiskajiem sakariem. 1918-1998” (A Collection of Documents on the International Recognition of Latvia, Renewed Independence, and Diplomatic Relations. 1918 – 1998).

The process of the restoration of independence and international recognition that was commenced twenty years ago has been successful. Currently, Latvia has diplomatic relations with more than 160 countries.

DOCUMENTS ON THE RECOGNITION OF THE RESTORATION OF THE INDEPENDENCE OF THE REPUBLIC OF LATVIA, AND DIPLOMATIC RELATIONS, 1991

(Click the image to view the full-size document)

In the case of reproducing the document, the reference to the Foreign Ministry of the Republic of Latvia and the National Archive of Latvia is mandatory.

Constitutional Law of the Republic of Latvia "On the Statehood of the Republic of Latvia", 21.08.1991

Copy. Signed by the Chairman of the Supreme Council of the Republic of Latvia, Anatolijs Gorbunovs, and Secretary of the Supreme Council of the Republic of Latvia, Imants Daudišs. Original of the document is stored in the Archives of the Saeima of the Republic of Latvia: Fonds of the Supreme Council of the Republic of Latvia, Inventory 10, File 3287, Leaf 189.

Declaration by the Supreme Council of the Republic of Estonia on relations between the Republic of Estonia and the Republic of Latvia, 22.08.1991

Original. Document in Estonian. Signed by the Chairman of the Supreme Council of the Republic of Estonia, Arnold Rüütel. Document was issued and received also in English.

Letter form the Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Iceland, Jón Baldvin Hannibalsson, on the recognition of the independence of Latvia and re-establishment of diplomatic relations, 22.08.1991

Original.

Declaration by the Supreme Council of the Republic of Lithuania on Relations between the Republic of Lithuania and the independent Republic of Latvia, 22.08.1991

Attested copy. Document in Lithuanian. Signed by the Chairman of the Supreme Council of the Republic of Lithuania, Vytautas Landsbergis.

Press release by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Kingdom of Belgium regarding the recognition of the Baltic States, 23.08.1991

Digitally renewed image of the fax message. Original fax message on 27.08.1991 was received at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Latvia from the Representation of Latvia in Moscow. Document in French. Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Kingdom of Belgium, Mark Eyskens.

Letter from the Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Kingdom of Denmark, Uffe Ellemann-Jensen, regarding the readiness to establish diplomatic relations, 24.08.1991

Telex message. Received at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Latvia on 25.08.1991. Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Kingdom of Denmark, Uffe Ellemann-Jensen.

Note from the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Kingdom of Denmark on establishment of diplomatic relations as from 24.08.1991

Original. Signed by the Ambassador of the Kingdom of Denmark, Otto Rose Borch.

Decree by the President of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic, Boris Yeltsin, "On Recognition of the Independence of the Republic of Latvia", 24.08.1991

Fax message. Received at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Latvia from the Permanent Representation of Latvia in Moscow on 24.08.1991. Document in Russian.

Statement by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Hungary on the Government’s decision of 24.08.1991 to recognize the independence of the Baltic Republics

Fax message. Received at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Latvia from the Consulate General of Hungary in Leningrad (now Saint Petersburg) on 25.08.1991. Unofficial translation into Russian, transliterated into the Latin alphabet.

Letter from the Ambassador of the Argentine Republic to the USSR, Gaston de Prat Gay, regarding the Government’s declaration on recognition of the independence of the Republic of Latvia

Telex message. Received at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Latvia from the Embassy of the Argentine Republic in the USSR. Document in Spanish and English.

Note from the Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Kingdom of Norway, Thorvald Stoltenberg, on the readiness to establish diplomatic relations

Telex message. Received at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Latvia on 25.08.1991.

Statement by the Finland’s Government on the independence of the Baltic Republics

Copy. Received at the Permanent Representation of Latvia in Moscow from the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the USSR on 26.08.1991. Document in Russian.

Note from the Deputy Chairman of the Council of Ministers of the Republic of Bulgaria, Victor Vlkov, regarding the decision to recognize the independence of the Republic of Latvia, 26.08.1991

Original. Document in Bulgarian.

Joint declaration on the establishment of diplomatic relations between the Republic of Latvia and the Republic of Iceland, 26.08.1991

Original. Signed by the Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Latvia, Jānis Jurkāns, and the Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Iceland, Jon Baldvin Hannibalsson.

Statement by Iceland, Latvia and Lithuania in the 10th anniversary of the establishment of diplomatic relations, 25.08.2001

Original. Signed by the Prime Minister of the Republic of Iceland, Davið Oddsson, Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Iceland, Halldór Ásgrimsson, Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Estonia, Toomas Hendrik Ilves, Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Latvia, Indulis Bērziņš, and Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Lithuania, Antanas Valionis.

Statement by the Secretary of State for External Affairs of Canada, Barbara McDougall, on the establishment of diplomatic relations with Lithuania, Latvia and Estonia, 26.08.1991

Fax message. On request of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Latvia the document was resent by the Department of External Affairs and International Trade of Canada.

Declaration by the Government of the Republic of Malta on recognition of the independence of Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania, 26.08.1991

Fax message. The text of declaration was sent as an attachment to the letter by the Prime Minister of Malta, Edward Fenech-Adami, on 27.08.1991.

Decree by the President of the Republic of Moldova, Mircea Snegur, “On Recognition of the Independence of the Republic of Latvia”, 26.08.1991

Copy. Document in Russian.

The National Archives of Latvia, State Archives of Latvia, Fonds 290, Inventory 8, File 1059, Leaf 17.

Letter from the Prime Minister of the Republic of Poland, Jan Krzysztow Belecki, on the readiness to re-establish international relations, 26.08.1991

Copy. Document in Polish. Addressed to the Prime Minister of the Republic of Latvia, Ivars Godmanis, in the document – to Jānis Godmanis.

Note from the Minister of Foreign Affairs of Romania, Adrian Nastase, regarding the Government’s decision of 26.08.1991 to recognize the independence of the Republic of Latvia

Fax message.

Letter from the Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs of the Republic of San Marino, Gabriele Gatti, regarding the 26.08.1991 decision by the Council of Ministers to support Latvia’s independence and to establish official relations with the Republic of Latvia

Telex message. Received at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Latvia on 28.08.1991.

Decision by the Presidium of the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine "On Recognition of the Independence of the Republic of Latvia", 26.08.1991

Fax message. Received at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Latvia on 27.08.1991. Document in Ukrainian. The Chairman of the Verkhovna Rada, Leonid Kravchuk.

Letter from the Ambassador of the Commonwealth of Australia to the USSR, Cavan Hogue, regarding the Government’s decision of 27.08.1991 to establish diplomatic relations with the Baltic States

Fax message. Received at the Permanent Representation of Latvia in Moscow from the Embassy of Australia in the USSR on 27.08.1991.

Declaration by the member States of the European Community on the independence of the Baltic States, 27.08.1991

Fax message. Received at the Latvian Information Bureau in Brussels on 28.08.1991. Member States: Belgium, Denmark, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Portugal, Spain, United Kingdom.

Decree by the President of the Republic of Georgia, Zviad Gamsakhurdia, on recognition of the independence of the Republic of Latvia, 27.08.1991

Fax message. Document in Russian.

Letter from the Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg, Jacques F. Poos, regarding the Government’s decision of 27.08.1991 to renew the recognition of the independence of Lithuania, Latvia and Estonia

Telex message. Received at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Latvia on 29.08.1991. Document in French.

Joint declaration on the re-establishment of diplomatic relations between the Republic of Latvia and the Kingdom of Norway, 27.08.1991

Original. Signed by the Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Latvia, Jānis Jurkāns, and the Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Kingdom of Norway, Thorvald Stoltenberg.

Letter from King of Sweden, Karl Gustaf regarding the Government’s decision of 27.08.1991 to recognize the Republic of Latvia as a sovereign and independent state

Attested copy. There is a convention in diplomatic correspondence to send original documents to the addressee (A. Gorbunovs), and attested copies to the Foreign Office.

Press release issued by the Ministry for Foreign Affairs of Sweden "Sweden Recognizes the Baltic States", 27.08.1991

Notes on the text were made at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Latvia.

Letter from the Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Austria, Alois Mock, regarding the Government’s decision to recognize the Republic of Latvia as a sovereign and independent state, 28.08.1991

Original. Document in German.

Congratulations from the Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Chile, Enrique Silva Cimma, concerning the return of Latvia to the international community, 28.08.1991

Telex message. Received at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Latvia on 29.08.1991. Document in Spanish.

Statement by the Embassy of New Zealand in the USSR regarding the Government’s decision of 28.08.1991 to recognize the Baltic States and to establish diplomatic relations

Telex message. Received at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Latvia on 02.09.1991. Prime Minister of New Zealand, James B. Bolger.

Personal note by the Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Federal Republic of Germany, Hans-Dietrich Genscher, and personal note by the Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Latvia, Jānis Jurkāns, regarding the re-establishment of diplomatic relations as from 28.08.1991

Originals. Documents in German.

Agreement between the Republic of Latvia and the Kingdom of Sweden on re-establishment of diplomatic relations, 28.08.1991

Original. Document in Latvian and Swedish. Signed by the Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Latvia, Jānis Jurkāns, and Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Kingdom of Sweden, Sten Andersson.

Statement by the Government of the Czech and Slovak Federal Republic on Recognition of the Independence of Latvia and re-establishment of diplomatic relations, 29.08.1991

Original. Received on 29.08.1991 with the letter from the Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Czech and Slovak Federal Republic, Jiří Dienstbier. Document in Czech.

Note from the Embassy of the Republic of South Africa in Finland regarding the Government’s decision to recognize the independence of the Baltic States, 29.08.1991

Original.

Statement by the President of the Republic of Italy, Francesco Cossiga, on support to the restoration of the independence of Latvia, 29.08.1991

Original. Document in Italian.

Note from the Embassy of the Mongolian People's Republic in the USSR regarding the recognition of sovereignty and independence of the Republic of Latvia, 29.08.1991

Original. Document in Russian.

Note from the Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Slovenia, Dimitrij Rupel, regarding the decision of the National Assembly of the Republic of Slovenia of 29.08.1991 to establish diplomatic relations with the Republic of Latvia

Fax message. Received at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Latvia on 04.09.1991.

Note from the Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Finland, Paavo Väyrynen, and note from the Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Latvia, Jānis Jurkāns, regarding the re-establishment of diplomatic relations as from 29.08.1991

Originals.

Letter from the Secretary of State of His Holiness the Pope, Angelo Sodano, regarding the restoration of independence of the Republic of Latvia and the re-establishment of official relations, 29.08.1991

Fax message. Document in French. On request of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Latvia the document was resent by the Apostolic Nunciature in Lithuania.

Statement by the Federal Council of the Swiss Confederation on the establishment of diplomatic relations with the Baltic States, 20.08.1991

Digitally renewed image of the fax message. Document in German. Signed by the Chargé d’affaires ad interim of the Swiss Confederation to the USSR, Stefan Speck.

Statement by the Supreme Council of the Republic of Azerbaijan on the recognition of the independence of Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Georgia, Ukraine and Belarus, 30.08.1991

Telex message. Received at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Latvia on 30.08.1991. Document in Russian, transliterated into the Latin alphabet. Notes on the text were made at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Latvia.

Communiqué by the Republic of Latvia and the Republic of France on re-establishment of diplomatic relations, 30.08.1991

Original. Document in French. Signed by the Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Latvia, Jānis Jurkāns, and the Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of France, Roland Dumas.

Joint declaration on re-establishment of diplomatic relations between the Republic of Latvia and the Republic of Italy, [30.08.1991]

Original. The date of signing the document was established after examining the preparatory materials of the declaration. Signed by the Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Latvia, Jānis Jurkāns, and the Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Italy, Claudio Vitalone.

Letter from the Foreign Secretary of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, Douglas Hurd, regarding the diplomatic relations and support to Latvia’s admission into the United Nations, 30.08.1991

Original.

Letter from the Minister for Foreign Affairs of the Kingdom of Netherlands, Hans van den Broek, regarding the session of the General Affairs Council of the European Community on the occasion of the restoration of the sovereignty and independence of the Baltic States, 30.08.1991

Original. Received at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Latvia after the abovementioned session.

Note from the Minister of the Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Poland, Krzystof Skubiszewski, regarding the re-establishment of diplomatic relations, 28.08.1991

Original Document in Polish. Diplomatic relations were re-established on 30.08.1991.

Letter from the President of the United States of America, George Bush, regarding the restoration of independence of the Republic of Latvia, 31.08.1991

Original.

Letter from the Minister of the Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Ireland, Gerard Collins, regarding the restoration of the independence and sovereignty of the Republic of Latvia, 31.08.1991

Original.

Decision of the Supreme Council of the Republic of Kyrgyzstan “On Recognition of the Independence of Latvia, Lithuania and Estonia”, 31.08.1991

Copy. Document in Russian. The Chairman of the Supreme Council of the Republic of Kyrgyzstan, Medetkan Sherimkulov.

Statement by the President of the United States of America regarding the independence of the Baltic States at the President's News Conference in Kennebunkport, Maine, 02.09.1991

http://bushlibrary.tamu.edu/research/public_papers.php?id=3334&year=1991&month=9

Note from the Ambassador of the Republic of Ecuador in the USSR, Pedro Saad, regarding the statement by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Ecuador of 02.09.1991 on the readiness to establish diplomatic relations with Latvia, Estonia and Lithuania

Telex message. Received at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Latvia on 04.09.1991. Document in Spanish and English.

Letter from the Prime Minister of the Republic of Greece, Constantin Mitsotakis, regarding the re-establishment of diplomatic relations, 02.09.1991

Copy.

Statement by the Ambassador of the Republic of Nicaragua in the USSR, Adolfo Evertsz Velez, on the Government’s decision of 02.09.1991 to recognize the independence of Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania and to establish diplomatic relations

Original. Document in Spanish.

Note from the Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Tunisian Republic, Habib Ben Yahia, on the Government’s decision of 02.09.1991 to recognize the independence of the Republic of Latvia

Original. Document in French.

Protocol between the Republic of Latvia and the Republic of Hungary on the re-establishment of diplomatic relations, 02.09.1991

Original. Document in Hungarian. Signed by the Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Latvia, Jānis Jurkāns, and Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Hungary, Geza Jeszensky. Document was issued and signed also in Latvian.

Note from the Embassy of Venezuela in the USSR regarding the Government’s decision to recognize the independence of Latvia as from 02.09.1991

Original. Document in Spanish.

Memorandum of Understanding between the Republic of Latvia and Canada on the establishment of diplomatic relations, 03.09.1991

Original. Document in Latvian. Signed by the Deputy Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Latvia, Mārtiņš Virsis, and the Minister of International Trade of Canada, Michael Wilson. Document was issued and signed also in French and English.

Note from the Embassy of the Republic of Turkey in the USSR regarding the Government’s decision to re-establish diplomatic relations with the Republic of Latvia, 03.09.1991

Original. Ambassador of the Republic of Turkey in the USSR, Volkan Vural

Letter from the Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Federative Republic of Brazil, Francisco Rezek, regarding the Government’s decision to recognize the independence of the Republic of Latvia as from 04.09.1991

Telex message. Received at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Latvia on 07.09.1991. Document in English.

Note from the Consulate General of the State of Israel in Moscow with the statement of 04.09.1991 by the Minister of Foreign Affairs of the State of Israel, David Levy, on recognition of the independence of the Baltic States

Original.

Memorandum of Understanding between the Government of the Republic of Latvia and the Government of the United States of America on diplomatic relations, 05.09.1991

Original. Document in Latvian. Signed by the First Deputy Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Latvia, Mārtiņš Virsis, and the Deputy Assistant Secretary of State of the United States of America, Curtis W. Kamman.

Joint communiqué on the re-establishment of diplomatic relations between the Republic of Latvia and the Kingdom of Belgium, 05.09.1991

Original. Signed by the Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Latvia, Jānis Jurkāns, and the Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Kingdom of Belgium, Mark Eyskens.

Letter from the Secretary of Foreign Affairs of the United Mexican States regarding the Government’s suggestion to establish diplomatic relations, 05.09.1991

Unofficial translation from Spanish. Letter was sent as attachment to the letter from the Mexican Ambassador in Stockholm, Jorge Pinto, to the Latvian Information Bureau in Stockholm.

Note from the Head of the Federal Department of Foreign Affairs of the Swiss Confederation, Jenö C. A. Staehelin, regarding the re-establishment of diplomatic relations as from 05.09.1991

Original. Document in German.

Statement of the President Chancellery of the Arab Republic of Egypt regarding the independence of Lithuania, Estonia and Latvia, 06.09.1991

Attested translation. The text of the statement was received on 10.09.1991 at the Middle East and Northern Africa Department of the Foreign Ministry of the USSR from the Embassy of the Arab Republic of Egypt in Moscow. Document in Russian.

Note from the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Estonia on the readiness to exchange Ambassadors Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary, 06.09.1991

Original.

Letter from the Ministry for Foreign Affairs of Japan, Taro Nakayama, regarding the Government’s decision of 06.09.1991 to recognize the independence of Latvia and readiness to establish diplomatic relations

Copy. Document in Japanese and English.

Note from the Embassy of the Republic of Colombia in Moscow regarding the Government’s declaration of 06.09.1991 on the recognition of the Baltic Republics

Original. Document in Spanish.

Decision of the State Council of the Soviet Union "On Recognition of the Independence of the Republic of Latvia", 06.09.1991

Information from the Telegraph Agency of the Soviet Union. Document in Russian.

Note from the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Peru regarding the Government’s decision of 06.09.1991 to support the integration of the Baltic States into the international community

Original. Document in Spanish and Russian. The text of the note is written on a document form of the Embassy of Peru in the USSR.

Note from the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Singapore regarding the Government’s decision of 06.09.1991 to recognize the sovereignty and independence of the Republic of Latvia

Original. Received at the Permanent Representation of Latvia in Moscow from the Embassy of Singapore in Moscow as an attachment to the note of 09.09.1991.

Statement by the Republic of Afghanistan on the recognition of the independence of Lithuania, Latvia and Estonia, and the letter of congratulations from the Prime Minister, 07.09.1991

Copy. Document in Dari and unofficial translation into Russian.

Statement by the Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Albania, Muhamet Kapllani, on the recognition of the independence of the Republic of Latvia, 07.09.1991

Fax message. Received at the Latvian Information Bureau in Stockholm from the Embassy of Albania in Sweden and on the same day forwarded to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Latvia.

Letter from the Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea Kim Yong-nam, regarding the Government’s decision to recognize Latvia’s independence, 07.09.1991

Original. Received at the Permanent Representation of Latvia in Moscow on 08.09.1991. Document in Korean.

Letter from the State Councilor and the Foreign Minister of the People’s Republic of China, Qian Qichen, regarding the recognition of the Government of Latvia and immediate establishing of diplomatic relations, 07.09.1991

Copy of fax message. Unofficial translation into English. On request of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Latvia the document was resent by the Embassy of the People’s Republic of China in Latvia in August, 1998.

Letter from the Ambassador of the Republic of Bolivia to the USSR, Javier Murillo de la Rocha, regarding the declaration of the Bolivian Government of 08.09.1991 on the recognition of the independence of Estonia, Lithuania and Latvia.

Fax message. Received from the Embassy of the Republic of Bolivia in the USSR on 10.09.1991. Document in Spanish.

Note from the Embassy of the People's Republic of Bangladesh in Moscow regarding the Government’s decision to recognize the independence of Estonia, Lithuania and Latvia, 09.09.1991

Copy. Document was sent by the Embassy of Bangladesh in Moscow to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the USSR which then sent the Russian translation of the note to the Permanent Representation of Latvia in Moscow on 10.09.1991.

Joint declaration on the re-establishment of diplomatic relations between the Republic of Latvia and the Republic of the Czech and Slovak Federal Republic, 09.09.1991

Original. Document in Latvian. Signed by the Deputy Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Latvia, Mārtiņš Virsis, and the Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Czech and Slovak Federal Republic, Jiří Dienstbier. Document was issued and signed also in Czech and English.

Fax message from the Embassy of the Republic of India in Moscow – a statement by the Prime Minister of the Republic of India, P. V. Narasimha Rao, on the recognition of the independence of Latvia, 09.09.1991

Fax message. Received at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Latvia on 10.09.1991.

Note from the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Cuba regarding the readiness to establish diplomatic relations, 09.09.1991

Original. Document in Spanish.

Letter from the Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Syrian Arab Republic, Farouk Al-Shara, regarding the Government’s decision to recognize the independence of the Republic of Latvia and to establish diplomatic relations, 09.09.1991

Fax message. Received on 12.09.1991 at the Latvian Information Bureau in Stockholm from the Permanent Representation of Syria at the United Nations. Document in Arabic.

Note from the Ambassador of the Kingdom of Thailand in Stockholm, Chaiya Chindawongse, with the statement of the Prime Minister of the Kingdom of Thailand, Anand Panyarachun, on support to Latvia’s sovereignty and independence, 09.09.1991

Copy.

Letter from the Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam, Nguyễn Mạnh Cầm, regarding the Government’s decision to recognize the independence of the Republic of Latvia, 09.09.1991

Oiginal. Received at the Permanent Representation of Latvia in Moscow attached to the note of 10.09.1991 by the Embassy of Vietnam in Moscow. Document in Vietnamese and unofficial translation into Russian.

Joint declaration on the re-establishment of diplomatic relations between the Republic of Latvia and the Republic of Bulgaria, 10.09.1991

Original. Signed by the Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Latvia, Jānis Jurkāns, and Deputy Chairman of the Council of Ministers of the Republic of Bulgaria, Victor Vlkov. Document issued and signed also in Latvian.

Note from the Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Islamic Republic of Iran, Ali Akbar Velayati, regarding the readiness to establish diplomatic relations and to support Latvia’s independence, [10.09.1991]

Original. Document in Persian. The date of the document – not earlier than 10.09.1991 – was established after the statement by the Iranian Government on the recognition of the independence of the Republic of Latvia.

Note from the Embassy of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan in Moscow with letter from the Prime Minister of Pakistan, Mohammad Nawaz Sharif, regarding the support to the restoration of the independent state of Latvia, 10.09.1991

Original.

Letter from the Ambassador of Malaysia in Moscow, M. Haron, regarding the Government’s decision of 11.09.1991 to recognize the independence of the Republic of Latvia.

Fax message. Received at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Latvia on 12.09.1991.

Letter of 16.09.1991 from the Supreme Council of the Republic of Armenia with the decision of the Supreme Council of the Republic of Armenia of 12.09.1991on the recognition of the independence of the Republic of Latvia

Copy. Document in Russian. Chairman of the Supreme Council of the Republic of Armenia, L. Ter-Petrosyan; Secretary, A. Saakyan.

Joint communiqué on the establishment of diplomatic relations between the Republic of Latvia and the People’s Republic of China, 12.09.1991

Original. Document in Latvian and Chinese. Signed by the Deputy Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Latvia, Sandra Kalniete, and the Deputy Minister of Foreign Affairs of the People’s Republic of China, Tian Zengpei. Document was issued and signed also in English.

Envelope of the 10th anniversary of the establishment of diplomatic relations between the People’s Republic of China and the Republic of Latvia

Issued on 12.09.1991.

Statement by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Lao People's Democratic Republic regarding the proclamation of the independence by three Baltic Republics, 12.09.1991

Attested copy and unofficial translation. On request of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Latvia the document was resent by the Lao Embassy in the Russian Federation. Documents in Lao and Russian.

Note from the Embassy of the Republic of Yemen in Moscow regarding the Government’s decision to recognize the independence of the Baltic States, 13.09.1991

Original. Document in Russian.

Agreement between the Republic of Latvia and Romania on the re-establishment of diplomatic relations, 13.09.1991

Original. Signed by the Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Latvia, Jānis Jurkāns, and the Minister of Foreign Affairs of Romania, Adrian Nastase.

Statement by the President of the Republic of the Philippines, Corozon C. Aquino, on recognition of the restoration of the sovereignty and independence of the Republic of Latvia, 16.09.1991

Attested copy.

The National Archives of Latvia, State Archives of Latvia, Fonds 290, Inventory 8, File 1112, Leaf 21.

Accompanying note of 11.10.1991 from the Embassy of Philippines in Moscow is stored at the Political Archives of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Latvia, Series 210, original.

Letter from the Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Indonesia, Ali Alatas, regarding the Government’s decision to recognize the restoration of the sovereignty and independence of the Republic of Latvia, 16.09.1991

Original.

Note from the Embassy of the Republic of Senegal in the USSR regarding the Government’s decision to recognize the independence of the Baltic States, 17.09.1991

Original. Document in French.

Letter from the Ambassador of the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan in Moscow, M. Al Advan, regarding the Government’s decision to recognize the independence of the Republic of Latvia, 18.09.1991

Original. Document in Russian.

Joint communiqué on the establishment of diplomatic relations between the Republic of Latvia and the Islamic Republic of Mauritania, 18.09.1991

Original. Signed by the Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Latvia, Jānis Jurkāns, and the Permanent Representative of Mauritania to the United Nations, Mohamedou Ould Mohamed Mahmoud.

Letter of congratulations from the King of Spain, Juan Carlos I, upon the restoration of Latvia’s independence, 20.09.1991

Attested copy. Document in Spanish.

The National Archives of Latvia, State Archives of Latvia, Fonds 290, Inventory 8, File 1112, Leaves 27 and 28.

Statement by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Sultanate of Oman on the Government’s decision to recognize the independence of the Baltic States, 22.09.1991

Original. Document was sent as attachment to the note of 09.01.1992 from the Embassy of the Sultanate of Oman in the USSR. Document in Russian.

Letter from the Minister of Foreign Affairs and Cooperation of the Kingdom of Morocco, Abdellatif Filali, regarding the support to the restoration of the independence of the Republic of Latvia and readiness to establish diplomatic relations, 24.09.1991

Fax message. Received on 08.09.1991 at the Permanent Representation of Latvia in Moscow from the Embassy the Kingdom of Morocco in Moscow. Document in French.

Joint communiqué on the establishment of diplomatic relations between the Republic of Latvia and the Republic of Argentina, 26.09.1991

Original. Document in Spanish. Signed by the Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Latvia, Jānis Jurkāns, and the Ambassador of the Republic of Argentina to the USSR, Gaston de Prat Gay. Document was issued and signed also in Latvian.

Joint communiqué on the establishment of diplomatic relations between the Republic of Latvia and the Republic of Chile, 26.09.1991

Original. Document in Spanish. Signed by the Ambassador and Permanent Representative of Latvia at the United Nations, Anatols Dinbergs, and the Ambassador and Permanent Representative of Chile at the United Nations, Juan Somavia.

Joint declaration on the establishment of diplomatic relations between the Republic of Latvia and the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, 26.09.1991

Original. Signed by the Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Latvia, Jānis Jurkāns, and the Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary Ambassador of the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea to the USSR, Son Song Pil.

Agreement on the establishment of diplomatic relations between the Republic of Latvia and the republic of Slovenia, 30.09.1991

Original. Signed by the Deputy Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Latvia, Mārtiņš Virsis, and the Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Slovenia, Dimitrij Rupel.

Decision "On Recognition of the Independence of the Republic of Latvia" and "Statement to the Supreme Council of the Republic of Latvia" by the Supreme Council of the Republic of Uzbekistan, 30.09.1991

Fax message. Documents in Russian. Chairman of the Supreme Council of the Republic of Uzbekistan, S. Yuldashev.

Joint declaration on the re-establishment of diplomatic relations between the Republic of Latvia and the Holy See, 01.10.1991

Original. Signed by the Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Latvia, Jānis Jurkāns, and the Titular Archbishop of Meta and Special Envoy of the Holy See, Audrys Juozas Bačkis.

Joint communiqué on the re-establishment of diplomatic relations between the Republic of Latvia and the Republic of Portugal, 02.10.1991

Copy. Signed by the Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Latvia, Jānis Jurkāns, and the Ambassador of the Republic of Portugal, Luis Oliveira Nunes.

Protocol between the Republic of Latvia and the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic on establishment of diplomatic relations, 04.10.1991

Original. Document in Russian. Signed by the Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Latvia, Jānis Jurkāns, and the Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic, Andrey Kozyrev.

Joint declaration on the exchange of diplomatic representatives between the Republic of Latvia and the Republic of Lithuania, 05.10.1991

Original. Signed by the Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Latvia, Jānis Jurkāns, and the Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Lithuania, Algirdas Saudargas.

Joint communiqué on the re-establishment of diplomatic relations between the Republic of Latvia and the Kingdom of Spain, 09.10.1991

Original. Signed by the Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Latvia, Jānis Jurkāns, and the Undersecretary of State of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Kingdom of Spain, Máximo Cajal.

Letter from the Minister for Foreign Affairs of Japan, Taro Nakayama, regarding the establishment of diplomatic relations with the Republic of Latvia as from 10.10.1991

Original.

Note from the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka regarding the Government’s decision to recognize the Republic of Latvia, 10.10.1991

Original. Received at the Permanent Representation of Latvia in Moscow on 10.10.1991 from the Embassy of Sri Lanka in Moscow.

Joint communiqué on the establishment of diplomatic relations between the Republic of Latvia and the Mongolian People's Republic, 15.10.1991

Original. Document in Russian. Signed by the Permanent Representative of the Council of Ministers of the Republic of Latvia in Moscow, Jānis Peters, and the Ambassador of the Mongolian People's Republic in Moscow, Nyamyn Mishigdorzh.

Note from the Minister of Foreign Affairs of the USSR, Boris Pankin, regarding the establishment of diplomatic relations with the Republic of Latvia, 15.10.1991

Original. Document in Russian.

Protocol between the Republic of Latvia and the Republic of Korea on the establishment of diplomatic relations, 22.10.1991

Copy. Signed by the Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Latvia, Jānis Jurkāns, and the Ambassador-Conseillor of the Republic of Korea, Tak Che Han.

Joint declaration on the establishment of diplomatic relations between the Republic of Latvia and the Republic of Turkey, 22.10.1991

Original. Signed by the Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Latvia, Jānis Jurkāns, and the Ambassador of the Republic of Turkey in Moscow, Volkan Vural.

Confirmation by the Department of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of South Africa of the existence of full diplomatic relations between the Republic of South Africa and the Republic of Latvia after the oral agreement, 04.11.1991

Original. Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of South Africa, Roelof Frederik Botha.

Note from the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Guinea of 10.02.1992 with the declaration by the Government of the Republic of Guinea of 23.11.1991 on the recognition of the independence of three Baltic Republics

Original. Document in French.

Notes from the Secretary for Foreign Affairs of the United Mexican States and the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Latvia on the establishment of diplomatic relations between the United Mexican States and the Republic of Latvia as from 27.11.1991

Originals. Documents in Spanish and English. Mexican note signed by the Secretary for Foreign Affairs, Fernando Solana, Latvian note signed by the Minister of Foreign Affairs, Jānis Jurkāns.

Note from the Bureau of the Great Socialist People's Libyan Arab Jamahiriya in Stockholm regarding the recognition of the independence of the Republic of Latvia, 12.12.1991

Original.

Note from the Permanent Mission of the Republic of Trinidad and Tobago at the United Nations with the message from the Prime Minister of the Republic of Trinidad and Tobago, A. N. R. Robinson, on the restoration of the independence of the Republic of Latvia, 16.12.1991

Attested copy.

The National Archives of Latvia, State Archives of Latvia, Fonds 290, Inventory 8, File 1112, Leaf 50.

Joint communiqué on the establishment of diplomatic relations between the Republic of Latvia and the Republic of the Philippines, 17.12.1991

Original. Signed by the Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary, Permanent Representative of the Republic of Latvia to the United Nations, Aivars Baumanis, and the Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary, Permanent Representative of the Philippines to the United Nations, Sedfrey A. Ordoñez.

Joint declaration on the establishment of diplomatic relations between the Republic of Latvia and Jamaica, 18.12.1991

Original. Signed by the Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary, Permanent Representative of the Republic of Latvia to the United Nations, Aivars Baumanis, and the Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary, Permanent Representative of Jamaica to the United Nations, Herbert S. Walker.

Note from the Embassy of New Zealand in the Russian Federation on the statement of 19.12.1991 by the Minister of External Relations and Trade, Donald McKinnon, regarding the establishment of diplomatic relations with the Baltic States

Attested copy.

Communiqué by the establishment of diplomatic relations between the Republic of Latvia and the Republic of Cyprus, 20.12.1991

Original. Signed by the Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary, Permanent Representative of the Republic of Latvia to the United Nations, Aivars Baumanis, and Ambassador, Permanent Representative of the Republic of Cyprus to the United Nations, Andreas Mavrommatis.

Joint declaration on the establishment of diplomatic relations between the Republic of Latvia and the Republic of Cuba, 20.12.1991

Original. Document in Spanish. Signed by the Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary, Permanent Representative of the Republic of Latvia to the United Nations, Aivars Baumanis, and the First Vice Minister of Foreign Relations, Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary, Permanent Representative of the Republic of Cuba to the United Nations, Ricardo Alarcón de Quesada. Document was issued and signed also in English.

Statement by the President of the Republic of Kazakhstan, Nursultan Nazarbayev, on the decision by the Supreme Council of 23.12.1991 to recognize the independence of the Republic of Latvia

Copy. Document in Russian.

Decision by the Supreme Council of the Republic of Tajikistan “On Recognition of the Independence of the Republic of Latvia, the Republic of Lithuania and the Republic of Estonia”, 25.12.1991

Original and attested copy. Document in Tajik and Russian. Signed by the Chairman of the Supreme Council of the Republic of Tajikistan, Safarali Kenjayev.

Note from the Embassy of the People's Democratic Republic of Algeria in the USSR with the statement by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Algeria on the official recognition of the Republic of Latvia, other Baltic States, member states of the Commonwealth of Independent States, 27.12.1991

Original. Document in French.

Note of 22.01.1992 from the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Belarus with the decision by the Presidium of the Supreme Council of the Republic of Belarus of 27.12.1991 on the recognition of the independence of the sovereign states

Original. Documents in Belarusian and Russian. Chairman of the Supreme Council of the Republic of Belarus, Stanislau Shushkevich.

Note from the Embassy of the Republic of Lebanon in Moscow regarding the Government’s decision of 30.12.1991 to recognize Latvia and readiness to establish diplomatic relations

Original.

The documents from the Political Archives of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Latvia and the National Archives of Latvia.

Authors of the publication: Dr. Valdis Rūsiņš (editor in chief), Sarmīte Šāvēja, Dace Bušante, Natālija Dzene, Silvija Križevica, Inta Mazure, Edmunds Vizla.

© Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Latvia, 2011