Dates of establishment and renewal of diplomatic relations

06.05.2016. 15:47

Country

Date of the recognition of the Republic of Latvia

Date of the recognition of the restoration of Independence of the Republic of Latvia

Date of establishment and renewal of diplomatic relations

Afghanistan

 

07.09.1991

16.02.1928
18.01.2005

Albania

 

07.09.1991

 28.01.1928 
29.04.1992

Algeria

 

27.12.1991

29.04.1998

Andorra

   

27.08.1996

Angola

   

07.07.2011

Antigua and Barbuda

   

19.03.1993

Argentina

28.03.1922

25.08.1991

26.09.1991

Armenia

 

12.09.1991

22.08.1992

Australia

   

27.08.1991

Austria

17.02.1921

28.08.1991

19.01.1992

Azerbaijan

28.01.1921

30.08.1991

11.01.1994

Bahamas

         

20.01.2005

Bahrein

   

27.03.2000

Bangladesh

 

  09.09.1991

21.01.1993

Barbados

   

15.05.2008

Belarus

 

27.12.1991

07.04.1992

Belgium

26.01.1921

27.08.1991

05.09.1991

Belize

   

03.02.2005

Benin

 

31.01.1992

19.03.1997

Bolivia

   

08.07.2003

Bosnia and Hercegovina

   

19.04.1996

Botswana

   

17.03.2003

Brazil

05.12.1921

04.09.1991

18.07.1992

Brunei

   

14.07.2000

Bulgaria

24.05.1922

26.08.1991

10.09.1991

Burkina Faso

   

06.04.2011

Burundi

 

06.01.1992

24.05.1993

Cabo Verde

   

21.10.1992

Cambodia

   

22.09.1995

Cameroon

   

16.04.2015

Canada

 

26.08.1991

03.09.1991

Central African Republic    

30.05.2012

Chad

 

12.01.1993

23.04.1996

China

16.08.1923

07.09.1991

12.09.1991

Columbia

08.07.1922

06.09.1991

19.07.1995

Comoros           

24.02.2010

Democratic Republic of the Congo

         

14.01.2011

Republic of the Congo

   

26.09.2013

Costa Rica

   

15.05.2003

Côte d'Ivoire

   

04.06.1996

Croatia

   

14.02.1992

Cuba

10.09.1921

09.09.1991

20.12.1991

Czech Republic

   

01.01.1993

Czech and Slovak Federal Republic*

 

29.08.1991

09.09.1991

Czechoslovak Republic*

05.01.1922

 

   

Chile

12.09.1921

28.08.1991

26.09.1991

Cyprus

   

20.12.1991

Denmark

07.02.1921

27.08.1991

24.08.1991

Djibouti    

30.03.2012

Dominica

   

27.09.2007

Dominican Republic

   

15.08.2001

East Timor

   

27.09.2013

Ecuador

 

02.09.1991

21.10.1992

Egypt

 

06.09.1991

23.01.1992

Equatorial Guinea

   

13.11.2008

Eritrea    

05.04.2012

Estonia

21.07.1919

22.08.1991

06.09.1991

Ethiopia

   

11.03.2008

Fiji

   

07.03.2008

Finland 26.01.1921 25.08.1991 29.08.1991

France

26.01.1921

27.08.1991

30.08.1991

Gabon

   

31.10.1996

Gambia

   

12.03.1998

Georgia

27.01.1921

27.08.1991

11.03.1993

Germany 01.02.1921   28.08.1991

Ghana

   

03.01.1992

Grenada    

19.09.2012

Greece

23.05.1922

27.08.1991

02.09.1991

Guatemala

   

14.01.1993

Guinea

 

23.11.1991

17.01.1997

Guyana

   

16.03.2005

Haiti

   

14.12.2006

Holy See 10.06.1921 29.08.1991 01.10.1991

Honduras

   

01.07.2003

Hungary 20.07.1921 24.08.1991 02.09.1991

India

 

09.09.1991

07.12.1991

Indonesia

 

16.09.1991

25.08.1993

Iraq

 

01.01.1992

15.10.2004

Iran (till 1921, Persia)

10.02.1921

10.09.1991

07.07.1992

Iceland

 

22.08.1991

26.08.1991

Ireland

 

27.08.1991

09.10.1991

Israel

 

04.09.1991

06.01.1992

Italy

26.01.1921

27.08.1991

30.08.1991

Jamaica

   

18.12.1991

Japan

26.01.1921

06.09.1991

10.10.1991

Jordan

 

18.09.1991

12.09.1994

Kazakhstan

 

23.12.1991

10.12.1992

Kenya

   

23.04.1996

Kiribati

   

10.04.2015

Korea (Republic)

   

22.10.1991

Korea (the Democratic People's Republic of)   07.09.1991 26.09.1991

Kosovo

   

10.06.2008

Kuwait

   

15.07.1994

Kyrgyzstan

 

31.08.1991

18.03.1993

Laos

 

12.09.1991

27.04.1995

Lesotho    

10.02.2014

Lebanon

 

30.12.1991

16.01.1998

Liberia    

10.04.2014

Lithuania

23.10.1919

22.08.1991

05.10.1991

Liechtenstein 4    

03.12.1996

Libya

   

16.02.2007

Luxembourg

14.10.1922

27.08.1991

29.01.1992

Madagascar

  04.03.1992  

Former Yugoslavia Republic of Macedonia

   

14.03.1996

Malaysia

 

11.09.1991

12.06.1993

Malawi

   

10.09.1998

Maldives

   

20.06.1994

Mali

 

25.01.1992

26.11.1992

Malta

 

26.08.1991

01.01.1992

Order of Malta

   

15.08.1995

Morocco

 

24.09.1991

05.10.1992

Mauritania

   

18.09.1991

Mauritius

   

12.02.2003

Montenegro

   

19.06.2006

Mexico

10.05.1927

05.09.1991

27.11.1991

Micronesia    

25.02.2015

Myanmar    

26.09.2012

Moldova

 

26.08.1991

01.09.1992

Monaco

   

15.10.2008

Mongolia

 

29.08.1991

15.10.1991

Mozambique

   

29.04.1992

Namibia

   

11.04.1997

Nepal

   

20.04.1992

Netherlands

05.03.1921

27.08.1991

24.09.1991

New Zealand

 

28.08.1991

19.12.1991

Niger    

17.04.2012

Nigeria

   

30.03.2001

Nicaragua

 

02.09.1991

20.06.1994

Norway

05.02.1921

25.08.1991

27.08.1991

Oman

 

22.09.1991

05.02.1993

USSR*

 

06.09.1991

15.10.1991

Palau

   

20.03.2015

Pakistan

 

10.09.1991

29.04.1996

Panama

06.07.1921

 

22.03.1994

Paraguay

 

01.04.1992

03.06.1992

Peru

02.06.1922

  06.09.1991

23.07.1996

Philippines

 

16.09.1991

17.12.1991

Poland

27.01.1921

26.08.1991

30.08.1991

Portugal

19.02.1921

27.08.1991

02.10.1991

Qatar

   

10.12.1996

Romania

26.02.1921

26.08.1991

13.09.1991

Russia (till 1920, the RSFSR)

11.08.1920

24.08.1991

04.10.1991

The North - Western Region of Russia*

11.11.1919

   

Rwanda

   01.04.1993

10.04.2007

Salvador

   

11.01.2001

Samoa

   

28.06.2012

San Marino

 

26.08.1991

07.03.2000

São Tomé and Príncipe

 

28.01.1992

26.07.1994

Saudi Arabia

   

21.03.2003

Seychelles

   

23.03.1994

Senegal

 

17.09.1991

09.06.1992

Saint Kitts and Nevis

   

08.06.2009

Saint Lucia

   

21.06.2006

Saint Vincent and the Grenadines

   

25.08.2006

Serbia (till 5.06.2006. Serbia and Montenegro, before that till 2003. Yugoslavia)

   

19.01.2001

(see Yugoslavia)

Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes*

07.09.1926

   

Singapore

 

06.09.1991

20.01.1992

Syria

 

09.09.1991

25.05.1993

Sierra Leone

   

12.12.2014

Slovakia

   

01.01.1993

Slovenia

 

29.08.1991

30.09.1991

Solomon Islands     28.06.2012
Somalia     26.09.2014

South Africa

 

29.08.1991

04.11.1991

Spain

09.04.1921

27.08.1991

09.10.1991

Sudan    

23.01.2015

Suriname    

20.05.2009

Sri Lanka

 

10.10.1991

19.09.1996

Switzerland

23.04.1921

 

05.09.1991

Sweden 05.02.1921 27.08.1991 28.08.1991

Tajikistan

 

25.12.1991

11.05.1994

Thailand (till 1921. Siam)

11.08.1921

09.09.1991

19.03.1992

Tanzania

   

28.11.1997

Togo   10.11.1993 

23.09.2014

Trinidad and Tobago

   

11.03.2003

Tunis

 

02.09.1991

26.06.1992

Turkey

03.01.1925

03.09.1991

22.10.1991

Turkmenistan

   

05.02.1993

Tuvalu

   

07.07.2011

Ukraine

10.12.1919

26.08.1991

12.02.1992

Uganda

   

01.10.2013

United Arab Emirates

     18.09.1995

United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland

26.01.1921

27.08.1991

05.09.1991

United States of America

28.07.1922

02.09.1991

05.09.1991

Uruguay

   

06.07.1992

Uzbekistan

 

30.09.1991

03.11.1992

Vanuatu

   

07.04.2015

Venezuela

12.01.1922

02.09.1991

23.04.1992

Vietnam

 

09.09.1991

12.02.1992

Yemen

 

13.09.1991

13.02.1992

Yugoslavia*

   

19.01.2001

Zambia

   

27.02.1997

Zimbabwe  

17.03.1992

23.01.2015

Information has been compiled on the basis of a collection entitled "Dokumenti par Latvijas valsts starptautisko atzīšanu, neatkarības atjaunošanu un diplomātiskajiem sakariem. 1918. - 1998.", NORDIK, 1999, [Documents on the international recognition, restoration of independence and diplomatic relations of the Republic of Latvia] by the Archives of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Latvia in association with the Latvian Archivists’ Society and the State Archives of Latvia.

 


1. The dates from 1921 to 1928 for recognition of Latvia as a state also mean the dates of the establishment of diplomatic relations.

2. 27.08.1991. Belgium joined the Declaration by the Member States of the European Community on the independence of the Baltic States. The press release by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Kingdom of Belgium of 23.08.1991 reads that Belgium needs not review the issue of recognition of the Baltic States since it falls within the continuity of states already recognised in the 1920s.

3. On 27.08.1991, Denmark joined the Declaration by the Member States of the European Community on the independence of the Baltic States. The Copenhagen Joint Protocol on Cooperation between the Kingdom of Denmark and the Republic of Latvia of 18.03.1991 once again confirmed the recognition of the state of Latvia in 07.02.1921.

4. The decision of the Government of Liechtenstein on the establishment of direct diplomatic relations and the accreditation of the first Ambassador of Latvia.

*  Marked (and not included in the total number) are states that Latvia did not have diplomatic relations with. These states do not currently exist, have disintegrated, or do not have direct successors.